What is Biodynamic Agriculture?
It is based on the fact that farms are complex organisms. It emphasizes the interrelation between soils, plants, and animals, treating the whole as a system in equilibrium.
As in other forms of organic farming, the use of industrial fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides is avoided. Biodynamic agriculture differs from other types of organic farming in the use of vegetable and mineral preparations as additives for compost and aerosols for the land
Benefits Biodynamic agriculture
Much healthier and stronger fields.Fruits with much more flavor and greater nutrients.
High commitment at the social level.
Care for the environment, as well as all its diversity of environment to the fauna and flora.
There are nine different preparations to help fertilization, which are the cornerstone of biodynamic agriculture. Steiner believed that these preparations transferred terrestrial supernatural powers and cosmic forces.
The prepared substances are listed from 500 to 508. The first two are used for the preparation of the fields, while the other seven are used to make compost.
500: a mixture of black earth prepared by filling the horn of a cow and burying it in the ground (40 to 60 cm below the surface) in autumn. It is left to decompose during the winter and to recover for its use the following spring.
501: Ground quartz powder prepared by filling the horn of a cow and burying it in spring and taken out in autumn. The mixture is sprayed at low pressure on the crop during the rainy season, in such a way as to prevent fungal diseases.
Preparation of Organic Compost
In the preparation of organic fertilizer the following plants prepared are used as follows:
Yarrow flowers (Achillea millefolium) introduced into the urinary bladder of a deer, exposed to the sun during the summer, buried during the winter and removed in the spring.
Chamomile flowers (Matricaria recutita) introduced into thin intestines of cattle, buried in soil enriched in autumn and removed in the spring.
Ortigas (Urtica dioica) in flower, introduced underground, surrounded by fossil carbon for a year.
Oak bark (Quercus robur) cut into small pieces inside the skull of a pet, covered by fossil carbon and buried in a place where there is a lot of rainwater.
Dandelion flowers (Taraxacum officinale) within the peritoneal membrane of cattle, buried in the ground during winter and removed in spring.
Flowers of valerian (Valeriana officinalis) in infusion.
From one to three grams of each preparation are added to the manure, in holes of 50 cm separated at a distance of 2 meters, except for the preparation 507, which is mixed in five liters of water and sprayed on the total surface of the organic fertilizer. Each preparation is intended for a particular decomposition process in the composting mass.